Transportation

 

Transportation is an indispensable and integral part in daily life of individuals and societies. Transportation is a comprehensive name of matters and means for mobility activities performed purposefully. Passenger transport and freight (goods) shipments are carried out on transportation corridors between origins and destinations in urban settings, among cities as well as nations. Hence, various transportation modes have been developed in this regard. Amongst the transportation modes of land, sea and air are the highways, railways, seaways, waterways, and airways. The elements of these transportation modes (transportation networks, vehicles, energy, management, work force, etc.) have their own particular features. Various professions are taking part in developing and managing transportation systems (from planning to operations). Civil engineers, urban planners, mechanical engineers, electric-electronic engineers, business administrators, etc. are among the professions serving in planning and operation of transportation facilities and services.

 

Civil engineers who work in construction, maintenance and repair of transportation facilities are called themselves as transportation engineers. This naming is admissible because the variety and complexity of the problems that they deal with require special training and expertise in this field of profession. Various job opportunities are available for civil engineers who would like to work in transportation field. Finding jobs in public and private sector are possible. A number of transportation engineers currently work in highway and railway public administrations, municipalities, private engineering design firms, or contracting firms.

 

Civil engineering-origin transportation engineers are mainly taking part in the design and construction of transportation structures. Some engineers have also expertise on transportation materials. The traditional transportation engineering education in civil engineering curriculum focuses heavily on the design of transportation facilities. The developments in different technical and technological areas force the content and the conduct of the traditional training to evolve. The relationships between land-use and transportation in the framework of sustainable development point to giving priority to the pedestrian mode, bicycle and public transportation. The increased sensitivity in environmental issues makes the implications of environmental impact assessments in engineering practices to be taken into account. Developments in intelligent transportation systems and autonomous/connected vehicle technologies have potentials to change substantially the conventional traffic relationships.

 

With all these features, transportation engineering is a quite rich and dynamic field of profession. The Transportation Division in the Department offers various courses within the civil engineering curriculum to train the Bachelor of Science candidates of YTU Civil Engineering. Besides the compulsory courses, such as Highway Engineering and Railway Engineering, various elective design and operation courses are also offered in the undergraduate curriculum.

 

In the transportation master’s degree and doctoral degree graduate programmes, the candidates are focused deeply on gaining knowledge and doing research in particular transportation-related issues.

 

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